On January 7, 2010, Governor Brown signed into law SBX4, Public Schools: Race to the Top, authored by then Senator Gloria Romero, with assistance from Senators Elaine Alquist (Santa Clara County), Bob Huff (LA, Orange, San Bernardino counties) and Mark Wyland (Orange, San Diego counties). It consisted of two major components to amend the California Education Code. The first component established the Open Enrollment Act which enabled pupils enrolled in low-achieving schools to attend another school; the second arm of the law allowed parents to require a district to implement one of the reforms listed in the Race to the Top program under specific conditions. This portion of the new law was initially called “parent empowerment” by its author, but is now known as the “parent trigger” law. California was the first state to pass this type of law and as of March 2013, at least 24 other states have considered it and six more have actually enacted some version of it. Those states are Connecticut, Indiana, Louisiana, Mississippi, Ohio (pilot program in the Columbus School District) and Texas. California is the only state that has actually had a school be the subject of a parent-trigger petition.